… The king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city….
“But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing a wedding robe, and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding robe?’ And he was speechless. Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ (Read the whole passage)
This doesn’t really sound like much of a party does it.
As we are coming out of Thanksgiving weekend, most of us having sat down at some point to a feast with family and friends, it is hard to imagine a banquet going so badly as in Jesus’ parable. Even the most chaotic of family dinners don’t usually end up with soldiers burning down the whole city. Thank goodness Jesus waited until after Thanksgiving to give us this apocalyptic banquet scenario.
Today, the parables of Jesus continue as they have all summer and fall. They haven’t always been easy to hear, there have been difficult themes to contend with, racism, violence, death.
But just to make sure we are paying attention, the parables ramp it up a notch and violence continues. Jesus tells us the parable of a wedding banquet where everything goes wrong and not even in a comical kind of way like in the movies… people die and guests are thrown into the outer darkness. Sounds like quite the occasion.
Last week as we heard the parable of the wicked tenants who murdered the slaves and son of the landowner, we noticed that Jesus was telling a parable that had taken an unusually violent turn. Well, this next parable which follows the parable of the wicked tenants, does not drop the violence but rather doubles down on it.
As Jesus continues to talk with the temple priests and pharisees, he tells the story of a King. A King who is throwing a wedding banquet for his son and he invites all the well-to-do guests of his Kingdom. When the party is nigh, he sends his slaves to let the wedding guests know to come to the party. But they don’t… they ignore the invitation. And so the King, expecting that his subjects will come to the banquet, sends his slaves again to announce the beginning of the party. This time the guests take it out on the messengers and put the slaves to death.
This, of course, enrages the King who sends out his soldiers to destroy the murderous wedding invitees and burn the city… the King’s own city.
Yet, lest a little violence, murder and destruction ruin a good party, the King sends out his slaves to round up whomever was left in the streets, the good and the bad, the poor and lowly, probably beggars and homeless folks. And they fill the banquet halls with wedding guests. Guests who have been dragged to the party by force… even as the city the burns.
And then, just in case we haven’t figured out that this King is nuts… as the King goes out to greet his guests, he finds some poor sod wearing the wrong party clothes. I guess he didn’t get the memo, as he was being dragged into the banquet, that he should have been dressed up for the party.
And the King has this unfortunate fellow dragged from the party and thrown into the outer darkness… tossed into oblivion.
The Gospel of the Lord?
If you are wondering what is going on with this King, join the club.
Many commentators and preachers have twisted themselves in knots trying to weld this nutty behaviour of the King in the parable to a moral lessons about God. Come when you are invited they have said. Make sure you are wearing the right robes, or are prepared they have said.
But those kinds weak and limp exhortations to be better followers don’t really communicate the good news. Where is the Jesus who dies on a cross for us? Where is the Jesus who rises on the third day? Where is the God who has come to love all creation and forgiven sins and bring healing and wholeness?
When we let this message of this parable speak on its own, without trying to make it say something about God and faith, we can see that the King is far from being god-like.
In fact, this King seems to be rather human. Just like the rest of us, he is filled with imperfect expectations. He is flawed and self-centred, he wants his banquet to be a certain way and he wants the people around him to meet is expectations.
Perhaps like a Thanksgiving host, he frets about making sure everything is perfect for the wedding banquet. And probably like some we know, when his expectations aren’t met, the anxiety and stress goes up.
Its no wonder the invited guests aren’t interested in attending the wedding banquet, no one wants to go to a party where the host is so full of expectations about how things will go that you don’t know what will cause the big blow up.
This self-centred King is no example of God’s righteousness judgement as much as he is a lesson in what happens when we let our expectations get the better of us. And we are guilty of doing just that, perhaps not to the same destructive level, but we let our expectations rule us just the same. In fact, most of the conflicts we experience – conflicts between spouses, with children and parents, with family or friends, in the workplace, in the community, at church – are the result of our expectations not being met. We are all often guilty of thinking things will go a certain way, that the people around us will be a certain way… and when those things don’t happen the way we like, it can thrown us into a rage also. Put a toddlers food on a blue plate instead of a an orange plate and you will find out what the rage of unmet expectations looks like.
Or host a thanksgiving meal for family that doesn’t go the way it was planned to go…
Or put a lot of time into a task at work only for it not to be appreciated by the boss…
Or develop a new ministry at church only to have a less than enthusiastic response…
Expectations fuel a lot of conflict and tension.
And those same forces are precisely the things lurking behind the parable of the King and his wedding banquet.
As Jesus tells this parable, he has just entered into Jerusalem as a triumphant King-like figure. A King and conqueror that the people were hoping was on his way to oust the Romans, to restore the glory of Israel. Expectations were running high.
But instead of gathering an army, Jesus spent the days after is triumphal entry telling parables. Parables like the one we hear today. Parables that provoked crowd to eventually become a mob… a mob that would arrest Jesus – their King from only a few days earlier – and take him to the authorities to demand his execution.
Expectations turned to rage and destruction and violence.
The comparison of this maniacal King and his banquet to Jesus is not to show us what is God is like, but to show us how different a kingship Jesus embodies.
Jesus the King is not the conquerer who comes full of expectations.
Jesus the King is the one who invites himself to our tables, who comes to eat with sinners.
Jesus the King is the one who welcomes all wherever he goes… he doesn’t demand that we follow, nor force us to attend… rather Jesus comes to us bearing new life.
And Jesus the King is the one who comes wearing the wrong clothes to the big party…. the one who has a crown of thorns and the purple robe put on him by mocking soldiers.
Jesus the King is the one who defies our expectations, who does not put himself first, but who puts himself last.
And this King, is the one that this parable really should remind us of. The King of the wedding banquet is so absurd in his maniacal rage, his expectation filled rage and violence, that we should be reminded of just how different and opposite a king Jesus is.
But in case we forget, or don’t get the memo… Jesus reminds us here, week after week, that God is constantly defying out expectations.
When we expect condemnation, God gives forgiveness.
When we expect judgement, God gives mercy.
When we expect conflict, God bring us peace.
When we expect force, God gives us love.
We when expect death, God gives New Life.
Here, as we gather as a community filled with human expectations, God strips us of the things we expect week after week.
God washes expectations away in the waters of baptism.
God forgives expectations in the words of absolution.
God overturns expectations in the gospel word.
And God re-forms us anew, without expectation, at the banquet table of bread and wine.
And so, when we heard this parable the first time, we likely expected that it said something about God, about a God who carries many expectations that we better live up to or else…
And Jesus completely defies our expectations by being a King that we could never imagine.
But to be the King who God has sent to us to give us new life.
One thought on “God is not the Maniacal King of the Wedding Banquet Parable”
I more or less followed the same interpretation. The beauty of parables is that they allow for a range. I think it’s perhaps a bit more complicated though than reading the parable as a counter-point to Jesus’ kingship. Luke’s related story shows that the invitation theme is positive. And the fact that in the third round ‘good and bad’ were invited is gospel. It occurred to me that the wedding of a king’s son is a political event, involving alliances and the prospect/hope of an heir, and that maybe here Jesus is also challenging his hearers to examine their loyalties vis-à-vis their own private commitments over against their commitments to the kingdom of God.